Thursday, 12 May 2016

The Most used words in English, Marathi, Hindi, Hindustani, Sanskrit, Sanskrut Dr. Ashish Manohar Urkude's Indian Languages Made Easy Series

The Most used words in English, Marathi, Hindi, Hindustani, Sanskrit/ Sanskrut:
Dr. Ashish Manohar Urkude's Indian Languages Made Easy Series:


SN English Marathi Hindi/ Hindustani Sanskrit/ Sanskrut
1 I Mi Mai Aham
2 You Tu/ Tumhi Tum/ Aap Bhavan
3 He To Wo Saha
4 She Tee Wo Saha
5 We Aamhi Hum Wayam
6 Mother Aai Maa Mataa/ Janani
7 Father Vadil Pita Janak/ Pitru
8 Sister Bahin Bahen Sahodaraa
9 Brother Bhau Bhai Sahodar / Bhatru
10 Hand Hat Hath Hast
11 Leg Pay Pair Paad
12 Eyes Doley Aankhey Chakshu, Netra, Lochan, Netra
13 Ears Kaan Kaan Shravanedriya
14 Nose Naak Naak Nasika
15 Hair Kes Baal Kesh
16 Water Paanee Paanee Jal/ Payoho/ Ambu
17 Air Havaa Havaa Vayoo/ Marut
18 Land Jameen Jameen Pruthvi
19 Fire Agni Agni Agni
20 Sky Aakash Aakash Aakash/ Kha
21 Mother in Law Saasoo Sasoo Shwashroo
22 Father in Law Saasaraa Sasoor Swasroo
23 Road Rastaa Raastaa Marg
24 Pen Lekhnee Pen Lekhnee
25 Touch Sparsh Sparsh Sparsh
26 Write Lihine Likhanaa Likhiti
27 Sit Bas Baith Upvishyati
28 Inspiration Preranaa Preranaa Prerayati
29 Acquire Milawane Milanaa Vindati
30 Think Vichaar karane Sochna Chintayati/ Vimrushati
31 Counting Mojaney Ginanaa Ganayati
32 Tell Saanganey Bataanaa Kathayati
33 Steal Chorane Churanaa Chorayati
34 Advertise Ghoshanaa Karaney Sabako Bataanaa Ghoshayati
35 Talk Bolaney Baatchit  Udeeryatey
36 Enter Aat yene Andar Aanaa Vishati/ Pravishati
37 Standing Ubha Khadaa Daksha Sthiti
38 Satisfied Santushta Santushta Santushta/ Rajyate/ Trupyati
39 Criminal Aparaadhi Aparaadhi Aparaadhi
40 Hipnotise Mohit Mohit Mohit
41 Join Jodaney Jodanaa Yujyate
42 Exists Aahe/ Asaney Rahanaa Vidyatey
43 Calm down Shaant honey Shaant honaa Shaamyati
44 Accepted Maanane Maananaa Maanyate
45 Demand Maaganey Maanganaa Arthyatey
46 Listen Aikaney Sunanaa Aakanayati
47 Drawing Chitra Kaadhaney Chitra Nikaalanaa Aakruti Aalikhati
48 Troubling Traas Deney Takaliph Denaa Udvij
49 Leaving Sodaney Chhodanaa Vimunchati
50 Blessings Aashirvada Aashirvada Aashirvada
51 Create Nirman Karane Nirman Karanaa Srujati
52 Trembling Thar Thar Kaapaney Thartharaanaa Sphurati
53 Died Maraney Maranaa Mriyate
54 Aggressive  Maajaney Mastaayaa Maadyati/ Drupayati
55 Reached Pohochaney Pahuchana Prapadyatey/ Aapadyate
56 Resting Vishram Karaney Vishram Karanaa Vishramyati
57 Throw Fekaney Fekanaa Khipati
58 Discover Shodh Karaney Anveshan Anvichchati
59 Walking Chaalane Chalanaa Charaiveti
60 Mistake Chukaney Galati Karanaa Pramaadyati
61 Wander Bhatakanti Ghumanaa Bhramyati
62 Tired Thakane Thakanaa Shraamyati
63 Wish Ichchaa Karane Ichcha Rakhanaa Ichchati
64 Order Aadesh Dene Aadesh Karanaa Aadishati
65 Drown Budane Dubanaa Nimajyati
66 Love Prem Pyaar Sniha
67 Respect Aadar Karane Aadar Karanaa Aadriyate
68 Advice Upadesh Upadesh Upadesh
69 Ask Vicharane Puchchanaa Pruchchati
70 Fry Bhaajane Bhunjanaa Bhrujjati
71 Cut Kaapane Kaapanaa Kruntati
72 Clean Shudhdha karaney Shudhdha Karana Shudhyati
73 Complete Poorna Karaney Poora Karanaa Sidhyati
74 Angry upon Raagaavane Gussa Honaa Krudhyate/ Kshubhyate
75 Avoid Taalane Taalanaa Pariharati
76 Faster Lavakar Jaladi Shighra
77 Attack Prahaar Prahaar Prahaar
78 Kill Jivanishi Maaraney Jaanse Maaranaa Sanharati/ Hinsati
79 Convene Ekatra Yene Ek Jagah sab log aanaa Samaavhyayate
80 Challenge Avvahan Dene Chunouti Denaa Aaavhayati
81 Laugh Hasaney Hasanaa Vihasati/ Hasati
82 Produce Ugavane Ugaanaa Jaayate
83 Call Haak Maraney Bulaanaa Vhayate
84 Prosperous Samrudhdhi Samrudhdhi Samrudhyati
85 Frightened Bhay Daranaa Trasyati
86 Hate Dvesh Dvesh Dvesh
87 Dancing Naachane Naachanaa Nrutyati
88 Suffer Sahan Karaney Sahanaa Sahati
89 Daring Dhadas Karaney Dhadas Bandhana Utsahatey
90 Leader Neta Neta Neta
91 Brother in Law Jaavai Jamaat/ Jijaji Jamatru
92 Guru Guru Guru Guru
93 Metro City Nagar/ Shahar Nagar/ Shahar Nagari
94 Sun Bhanu/ Surya/ Savitru Bhanu/ Surya/ Savitru Bhanu/ Surya/ Savitru
95 River Nadi Nadi Nadi/ Saritaa
96 Cow Gaay Gaay Dhenu
97 Gentleman Sajjan Sajjan Suhrut/ Suhrud
98 Beautiful Sundar Sundar Charu/ Manohari
99 Wood Lakud Lakadi Daru
100 Thread Dori Dor Rajju
101 Stone Dagad Paththar Drushad/ Drushat/ Paashan
102 Break Todanaa Todanaa Chhindati
103 Awake Jagrut Jagrut Jagrut
104 Sister in Law Nanand Nanand Nanaandru
105 Watered Eyes Ashru/ Aasu Aasu Ashru
106 Honey Madh Madhu Madhu
107 Little Laghu/ Chhota Laghu/ Chhota Laghu
108 Audience Shrotrugan Shrotrugan Shrotrugan
109 Praising Prashansa Prashansa Shanstru
110 Speaker Vakta Vakta Vaktru
111 Beak Choch Chonch Chanchu
112 Giver Denaaraa Denwala Yachchat
113 Truth Satya Satya Satya
114 This Ha/ Hi/ Hey Yah Idam/ Etad
115 All Sarva Sabhi log Sarva
116 Read Vaachane Padhana Path
117 Distribute Vitaran Karane Vitarit Karanaa Vitarati
118 Bow down Pranaam Karane Pranaam Karanaa Pranaam
119 Exam Pariksha Pariksha Pariksha
120 Bath Snaan Snaan Avagahe
121 Defend Rakshan  Rakshan  Trayate
122 Forgive Kshamaa Karaney Khshamaa Karanaa Khamate
123 Defeat Paraajit Karane Parajit Karanaa Paraajayate
124 Win Vijayi Hone Vijai Honaa Vijayate
125 Fly Udane Udanaa Uddayati
126 Yawing Jamabhai Dene Aalas Nikalana Jrumbhati
127 Behave Changala Wagane Achcha Bartav Karana Samaacharati
128 Swim Pohane Tairanaa Tarati
129 Meeting Bhetane Milanaa Sangachchate
130 Roaring Garjanaa Garjanaa Garjanaa
131 Smell Vaas Ghene Sunghanaa Jighrati
132 Eat Khane Khanaa Kahadati
133 Play Khelane Khelanaa Khelati
134 Drink Pine Pinaa Pibati/ Aachaamati
135 Sing Gane  Gaanaa Gunjati
136 Talkative Badabadne Badabadana Jalpati
137 Following Magun Jaane Pichchese Jaanaa Anugachchati
138 Understand Samajane Samajhanaa Awagachchati
139 Go away Jawal Jaane Paas Jaanaa Apanayati
140 Go near Dur Jaane Dur Jaanaa Upanayati
141 Fall Padane Giranaa Patati
142 To be a Celebrity Prakhyat Hone Badaa Aadami Bananaa Prathatey
143 Glittering Chamakane Chamakanaa Dyotate
144 Marriage Vivah Vivah Parinay
145 Dog Bite Kutra Chaavane Kutta Katana Kukur Dashati/ Danshati
146 Meditate Dhyan Dhyan Dhyan
147 Answer Uttar Dene Uttar Denaa Uttar/ Pratibhashate
148 Praise (the lord) Devache Gungaan karane Bhagawan ko Yaad Karanaa Bhajati
149 To Serve (Food) Vadhane Parosanaa Prarohati/ Rohati
150 Work Hard Yatna/ Prayatna Prayaas Yatna/ Prayate
151 Announcement Nivedan Karane Nivedan Karana Nivedayati
152 Stir Manthan Manthan Manthan
153 To Know Jaanane Jaananaa Jaanaati
154 To elect Nivad Karane Chunana Vrunite
155 To buy Vikat Ghene Kharidanaa Krinaati
156 To differ Vegalepanaa Dakhawane Alag Alag karake batanaa Shinasti
157 Obstacle Adathalaa Aanane Baadhaa laanaa Runadhdhi
158 To send Paathavane Bhejanaa Hinoti
159 To plan Yojanaa Aakhane Yojanaa Karanaa Yunkte/ Yunakti
160 Enjoy Mouj karane Mouj karanaa Bhunakti

Monday, 9 May 2016

“My leader and his/ her followers have more positive and godly qualities than yours!” This has become root cause of many quarrels in the world including India.


“My leader and his/ her followers have more positive and godly qualities than yours!” This has become root cause of many quarrels in the world including India.

It was from 1980’s to 1986 that we always had this discussion while playing chess or other games in the summer holidays or Diwali holidays.

One day, we saw, posters about this.
We saw election rallies and same thing.
We saw many processions and same thing.
People came to us and predict or talk about the same thing.
People even debated on such issues and it had not end.
We saw live hot discussion minus quarrel between Dr. Hedgewar and Mahatma Gandhi’s followers especially, of their thought processes, same with Dr. Ambedkar’s followers and others, Mr. Lohiya’s followers and others, and then on the TV we saw Democrats and Republics and Labor party. Then once we saw, even followers of spiritual and religious leaders, and then we heard present Ministers and others throwing mud on others, then saw even top businessmen and others doing same things, finally we saw even Teachers and students had hot discussion on who is better teacher, the height was at the end even at home we saw similar thing at our neighbour’s house.

My friend and me were playing chess, suddenly he said, “Come on, can’t we give rest and peace to leaders who sacrificed their lives for certain cause, for example Jesus or Ram or Mohammad or Krishna or Buddha or Sant Dnayneshwar or Sant Ramdas or Mahatma Gandhi or Dr. Hedgewar or Dr. Ambedakar or …………..all past, present and future leaders? All have equally sacrificed in their lives. Thanks we’re not of the age to vote this year, otherwise, the way they eat our parent’s brain every now and then….I would have got fed up…” We laughed a lot.

“If you compare my mothers sacrifice would be the most”, one of the child said, and again we laughed. He further said, “I don’t think, others can stand even a single bit more than her, and if you quarrel and would request me to follow your path or your leader’s path or ask me to vote, or….then goodbye…I’ll follow my parents path…..or would create my own, give me a chance to think with conscious”. He was so irritated by the waste of time by such followers that he said, “If these leaders and messengers of God come down again and see what their followers are doing they will close the chapter of …their own path….I feel we don’t require leadership based democracy but consensus based democracy.”

Later that boy, went on to become MBBS and MD physician though he was interested in pursuing Ph.D. in History or going for IAS and coming to Indian Administration to avoid contacts with such people. When he spoke this he was just 15 years old, 2 years older than me.

Then, I added, “It’s time to think for our generation, to, let each leader be put in the frame of Human being and Humane than either iconising them or making them look more than God or putting him/ her at such a high position that slowly followers lose the path designed by him/ her. Take example, of Mahatma Gandhi, how many follow his path and his ideals? Take example of Prabhu Ramchandra, how many sacrifices avoiding an evil talk against elders or foul words against older or quarrels with elders at home? How many followers of Jesus follow the Ten Commandments? How many followers of Shrikrishna and Dnyaneshwar follow the path of “Ayamatma” or seeing Brahma i.e. Paramatma (Almighty god) everywhere? …………”. I was just 13 years old. At this my older friend said, “Who are you to say this? Who will listen to you?”
I said, “I’m naachis in this vast world is ok, but, am I wrong?”
At this he said, “Kisibhi chij ko naachij nahi kahatey Ashish…. i.e. Why are you calling yourself insignificant in this vast world?”…..Then he laughed, but, I kept on saying, “We’re wasting lot of time in this leader and follower quarrel and if we have a good things then it’ll bear good fruits….why can’t we think like this why we waste time….?”

The time has lapsed but the problem remains the same. Human civilization is traveling from illiteracy to illiteracy and from ignorance to ignorance it seems. We’re so near in designing the Millennium Development Goals but due to “Not walking the Talk”, we might lose our battle against hunger, illiteracy ….and ....the same old stories will continue till ….. only God knows.

Dr. Ashish Manohar Urkude, lives on the ground, Nagpur, India, ashish.urkude@gmail.com

Wednesday, 4 May 2016

Indian Languages Made Easy: English to Rajasthni Dhundhadi of Jaipur to English



Indian Languages Made Easy: English to Rajasthni Dhundhadi of Jaipur to English 

Rajasthan is the state/ province in India where lots of forts, havelee, lakes, kothis, bawadis are there. In Jaipur the historical monuments like Hawa Mahal, Jantar Mantar, City palace, Jal Mahal, Naar Gad, Jai Garh, Madhav Gad, Birla Mandir, Moti Dongri, Galtaji Tirth, are there. Apart from this the cities like Udaipur, Bikaner, Jodhpur, Jaisalmer, Bharatpur Sanctury, Alwar, Ajmer, Pushkar, Chittodgarh, etc, are also famous. The biggest desert of the subcontinent Thar is also situated in Rajasthan.

Rajasthan was on military alert and has witnessed almost all the wars after Indian Independence right from 1947, to 1999. 
Pokharan/ Pokran is the place in Rajasthan only, where India tested its nuclear power, which is mostly used for the peaceful purpose.
Father and many of us in our family knows this language very well and all helped me. 
Even my friends Mr. Kamal Sain, Mr. Narendra Patodiya knows it better, thanks to them as they told me the most complex sentences used in every day life of locals on Jaipur roads.  

English:: I ::Rajasthni Dhundhadi:: Mey

English:: You ::Rajasthni Dhundhadi:: Tane

English:: This ::Rajasthni Dhundhadi:: Ya

English:: That ::Rajasthni Dhundhadi:: Wa

English:: Yes ::Rajasthni Dhundhadi:: Ha, Hamb, Ambab
English:: Come ::Rajasthni Dhundhadi:: (to come)….. Endaa

English:: Good:: Rajasthni Dhundhadi: Chhokho, Achcho, Badhiya
English:: Bad:: Rajasthni Dhundhadi: Buro

English:: Came ::Rajasthni Dhundhadi:: Aajo, Andina

English:: Open ::Rajasthni Dhundhadi:: (to open): Kholdai, Kholjo

English:: Sit ::Rajasthni Dhundhadi:: (to sit): Baithja

English:: Walk ::Rajasthni Dhundhadi:: (to walk): Chaal

English:: Eat ::Rajasthni Dhundhadi:: Khalay

English:: Drink ::Rajasthni Dhundhadi:: (to drink): Peelay

English:: Win ::Rajasthni Dhundhadi:: (to win): Jeetgaa

English:: Go ::Rajasthni Dhundhadi:: (to go): Jaa

English:: Went ::Rajasthni Dhundhadi:: Gayeccho

English:: Run ::Rajasthni Dhundhadi:: (to run): Bhaag

English:: He eats an apple ::Rajasthni Dhundhadi:: Wo sev khaorayo chhe

English:: He ate an apple ::Rajasthni Dhundhadi:: Wo bki sev khayo ccho

English:: She came by bus yesterday ::Rajasthni Dhundhadi:: Wo kaal bus maa ayi chchi

English: What is the fare of auto till Hava Mahal? :: Rajasthni Dhundhadi:: Hawa Mahal  Tak Kay Kirayo chche bhaya?
English: It’s too much:: Rajasthni Dhundhadi:: Jyada Batarahio chche?

English:: She came by her own vehicle yesterday ::Rajasthni Dhundhadi:: Wok hood ki gaadi leayee chchee

English:: They went to the temple ::Rajasthni Dhundhadi:: Wo Madir Gayo

English:: They went to the church ::Rajasthni Dhundhadi:: Wo Girija Ghar Gayo

English:: They came from the mosque ::Rajasthni Dhundhadi:: Wo Masjid so baran aryo chche

English:: He slept the whole night ::Rajasthni Dhundhadi:: Wo saari raat soto rahiyo

English:: He wrote well in the examination ::Rajasthni Dhundhadi:: Wo pariksha Bdhiya de rahiyo chche

English:: He has eaten ::Rajasthni Dhundhadi:: Mai Roti Khaliyo

English:: He will eat ::Rajasthni Dhundhadi:: Wo pachchya khawalo

English:: He will go ::Rajasthni Dhundhadi:: Wo Jaabado chche
English:: He will come ::Rajasthni Dhundhadi:: Wo Aabado chche
English:: What is your name? ::Rajasthni Dhundhadi:: Tharo Kay naam chche

English:: What ::Rajasthni Dhundhadi:: Kay

English:: Your ::Rajasthni Dhundhadi:: Tharo

English:: Mine:: Rajasthni Dhundhadi:: Maaro

English:: Name ::Rajasthni Dhundhadi:: Naam

English:: What did you do? ::Rajasthni Dhundhadi:: Tu kay karo / (With Respect) Thapo Kaay Naam Chhe? 

English:: What should I do? ::Rajasthni Dhundhadi:: Mei Kay Karoo?

English:: What can I do? ::Rajasthni Dhundhadi:: Mey kaay Kar Sakoo chchoo?

English:: What is your the question? ::Rajasthni Dhundhadi:: Thhey kay puchch raiya chcha?

English:: What is written in the letter? ::Rajasthni Dhundhadi:: Kaagak mei kaayi likhedo chche?

English:: What you had been told? ::Rajasthni Dhundhadi:: Taney kaay bataya chha?

English:: What will be the answer? ::Rajasthni Dhundhadi:: Eko Uttar Kay chche?

English:: Why did you come? ::Rajasthni Dhundhadi:: Tu kyu Ayo Chhe?

English:: Why did you sleep on the work? ::Rajasthni Dhundhadi:: Tu kaam karati tem kyo soyo chho?

English:: Why did you tell him to go? ::Rajasthni Dhundhadi::
Tu oone jaba be kyon khayo chho?
English:: Why did he bring the bag? ::Rajasthni Dhundhadi:: Tu basstaa kyo layo chcho?
English:: Why did she pay the money? ::Rajasthni Dhundhadi:: Wo pisa kyo diyo?
English:: Why did they sit there? ::Rajasthni Dhundhadi:: Wo unday kyo baithaya  chche?
English:: Why do you drive the car? ::Rajasthni Dhundhadi:: Too Gaadi kyon chhalayo?
English:: Why are they late for the meeting? ::Rajasthni Dhundhadi:: Tu meeting mey late kyu ayo?

English:: How did you come? ::Rajasthni Dhundhadi:: Tu kayiso ayo? Or Tu Kayisoo Ayo?
English:: How did you write your exams? ::Rajasthni Dhundhadi:: Tu pariksha mei kay likhrayo?
English:: How many apples are there in my hand? ::Rajasthni Dhundhadi:: Mhara haath mei katra baki sev chhe?
English:: How many did you take? ::Rajasthni Dhundhadi:: Tu katrra Liyo?

English:: How much money did he pay? ::Rajasthni Dhundhadi:: Wo katraa pisa dio?
English:: How much distance to go? ::Rajasthni Dhundhadi:: Katrik Dooor Jaano chche?
English:: How was the journey yesterday? ::Rajasthni Dhundhadi:: Thako safar kashok chho?
English:: Which way did you come? ::Rajasthni Dhundhadi:: Tu kasha gelo soo aayo?
English:: Which is your favourite colour? ::Rajasthni Dhundhadi:: Taro Pasandida rang kasho chhe? Or Tome kasho rang badhiya llage chhey?
English:: In which room did you sleep? ::Rajasthni Dhundhadi:: Kaal Kasi saal ma soye chho?
English:: Which story did you tell to children? ::Rajasthni Dhundhadi:: Tu kaal balakanaa kashi kahani sunayo chcho?
English:: Which is the sweetest fruit? ::Rajasthni Dhundhadi:: Sabsoo Meetho fal kasho chche?
English:: Which is the best newspaper in the Rajasthan? ::Rajasthni Dhundhadi:: Rajasthan ma kashyo paper bdhiya chche?
English:: Which state has the largest population? ::Rajasthni Dhundhadi:: Kashey rajya mei janasnakhya sabse jyadaa chche?
English:: Where did you come from? ::Rajasthni Dhundhadi:: Tu koday soo aayo chche?
English:: Where is the manager’s cabin? ::Rajasthni Dhundhadi:: Prabandhak ko kamoro kodiney chche?
English:: Where should I go? ::Rajasthni Dhundhadi:: Mo koday jaoon?
English:: Whom should I meet? ::Rajasthni Dhundhadi:: Mo koonsoo miloo?
English:: Is it a good book? ::Rajasthni Dhundhadi:: Ya kittab bdhiya chhay kaee?
English:: Is it the answer? ::Rajasthni Dhundhadi::
Kay yaan jawaab hi chha kaee?
English:: Yes, it is the answer ::Rajasthni Dhundhadi:: Haa yaahi jawab chche. .
English:: Will you come with me? ::Rajasthni Dhundhadi:: Kaayi tu mhara lera awalo kaee?
English:: I shall come with you. ::Rajasthni Dhundhadi:: Haa maa aoonga.

English:: Will you give me your mobile? ::Rajasthni Dhundhadi:: Kay tu mane tharo mobile deo lokayee?

English:: Can you give me some water to drink? ::Rajasthni Dhundhadi:: Tu thodo paani peeba delo kayee?

English:: Can you lift this box? ::Rajasthni Dhundhadi:: Tu yaa baxo utha lelo kaee?
English:: Did you have your lunch? ::Rajasthni Dhundhadi:: Tu roti kha liyo?
English:: How are you? ::Rajasthni Dhundhadi:: Tu kashyok chhey?
English:: I’m fine. :: Rajasthni Dhundhadi: Mai sahi choo.